[88], According to the World Bank, Equatorial Guinea has the highest GNI (Gross National Income) per capita of any African country, 83 times larger than the GNI per capita of Burundi, the poorest country.[89]. [citation needed], In 2004 a plane load of suspected mercenaries was intercepted in Zimbabwe while allegedly on the way to overthrow Obiang. [40] The Spanish (ruled by Franco) had backed Macías in the election due to his perceived loyalty, however while on the campaign trail he had proven to be far less easy to handle than they had expected. Regarding air … Mr Obiang, who is vice-president of Equatorial Guinea, arrived in Brazil on Friday on board a private jet. Acoustic guitar bands based on a Spanish model are the country's best-known indigenous popular tradition. Various accounts also named the United Kingdom's MI6, the United States' CIA, and Spain as tacit supporters of the coup attempt. In 1472, Fernao do Po, a Portuguese explorer, sought a way to India and is believed to be the first European to discover … Latest news and breaking news from Equatorial Guinea: Ecuatorial Guinea, is a country located in Central Africa, with an area of 28,000 square kilometres (11,000 sq mi). Equatorial Guinea holds regular elections, but the voting is neither free nor fair. [79][80] The other seven provinces are as follows (numbers correspond to those on the map; provincial capitals appear in parentheses):[77], The provinces are further divided into 19 districts and 37 municipalities. Overseas Security Advisory Council Bureau of Diplomatic Security U.S. Department of State Upcoming Events See All There is no matching data to display [31] Iradier himself died in despair in 1911, and it would be decades before his achievements would be recognised by Spanish popular opinion when the port of Cogo was renamed Puerto Iradier in his honour. 2017.05.20: Fr. The state-owned media and the main private radio station are under the directorship of the president's son, Teodor Obiang. Take a look at our top NYE events below, or click through for a full guide. Equatorial Guinea. [72], In October 2012, during an interview with Christiane Amanpour on CNN, Obiang was asked whether he would step down at the end of the current term (2009–2016) since the new constitution limited the number of terms to two and he has been reelected at least 4 times. Make your expat project in Equatorial Guinea successful. There are 11 public observances every year, some influenced by worldwide celebrations (like Women’s Day and New Year’s Day), while others are specific to the region (like President’s Day and Constitution Day). BBC World Service, Radio France Internationale and Gabon-based Africa No 1 broadcast on FM in Malabo. Click for weather forecast. He called it Formosa ("Beautiful"), but it quickly took on the name of its European discoverer. ), Doumenge (C.), Grollemund (R.), Hombert (J.-M.), Koni Muluwa (J.) [65] However, human rights abuses have continued. As of 2004[update],[84] Equatorial Guinea is the third-largest oil producer in Sub-Saharan Africa. Brigadier Felipe José, Count of Arjelejos sailed from Uruguay to formally take possession of Bioko from Portugal, landing on the island on 21 October 1778. [75] The army has almost 1,400 soldiers, the police 400 paramilitary men, the navy 200 service members, and the air force about 120 members. 67.6% of Equatorial Guineans can speak it, especially those living in the capital, Malabo. with change in the economic and political climate and government social agendas, several cultural dispersion and literacy organizations have been founded, chiefly with the financial support of the Spanish government. The Bata Medical School is supported principally by the government of Cuba and staffed by Cuban medical educators and physicians. During the colonial period, the nation maintained strong trade ties with Spain, Germany, France, and the UK. L'Anthropologie 102 (2) : 213–217, Sánchez-Elipe Lorente (M.). It is the first feature film openly critical of Obiang's regime. Rio Muni also includes several small offshore islands, such as Corisco, Elobey Grande, and Elobey Chico. [33], The Spanish Civil War had a major impact on the colony. Those in the northern part of Río Muni speak Fang-Ntumu, while those in the south speak Fang-Okah; the two dialects have differences but are mutually intelligible. Equatorial Guinea, formerly Spanish Guinea, consists of Río Muni (10,045 sq mi; 26,117 sq km), on the western coast of Africa, and several islands in the Gulf of Guinea, the largest of which is Bioko (formerly Fernando Po) (785 sq mi; 2,033 sq km). Equatorial Guinea has a tropical climate with distinct wet and dry seasons. The 1960s were a time of great optimism over the future of the former African colonies, and groups that had been close to European rulers, like the Bubi, were not viewed positively. [citation needed], The greatest constraint to economic development was a chronic shortage of labour. The country obtained candidate status on 22 February 2008. The Equatorial Guinea expat guide will help you to settle down in Equatorial Guinea. The report rates Equatorial Guinea as a government that "does not fully comply with minimum standards and is not making significant efforts to do so. In 2006, Forbes estimated his personal wealth at $600 million.[51]. Many residents of Bioko can also speak Spanish, particularly in the capital, and the local trade language Pichinglis, an English-based creole. [needs update], In recent years,[when?] 1/1998 21 January). Hanoi (VNA) – Vietnamese labourers in Equatorial Guinea must be brought home immediately, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc requested at working session with the national steering committee for COVID-19 prevention and control in Hanoi on July 10. Between 2002 and 2005, the GDP skyrocketed from $1.27 billion to $25.69 billion. In addition to that, he firmly stated that he was not affiliated with any political party. The authorities in Equatorial Guinea must immediately end a draconian clampdown on freedom of expression taking place ahead of an African Union summit in the capital Malabo on 23 June, Amnesty International said today. [45], In 1974 the World Council of Churches affirmed that large numbers of people had been murdered since 1968 in an ongoing reign of terror. Israelis and Moroccans also live and work here. Events > Olympics > Summer > Countries > Equatorial Guinea. The French only briefly permitted recruitment in Cameroun, and the main source of labour came to be Igbo smuggled in canoes from Calabar in Nigeria. [26], There was also a trickle of immigration from the neighboring Portuguese islands, escaped slaves, and prospective planters. Limited US Passport and Consular Services Appointments Available, Ambassadors Fund for Cultural Preservation, Ambassador’s Welcome Reception Remarks May 8, 2019, Health Alert: U.S. Embassy Malabo, Equatorial Guinea, Health Alert: U.S. Embassy Malabo, Equatorial Guinea – July 13, 2020. The mainland region, Río Muni, is bordered by Cameroon on the north and Gabon on the south and east. It is one of the smallest countries in continental Africa, and comprises two regions: a Continental Region (Ro Muni); and an Insular Region containing Annobn island, Bioko island (formerly Fernando Po) where the capital of Malabo is situated, and several offshore islands like Corisco. Every airline registered in Equatorial Guinea appears on the list of air carriers prohibited in the European Union (EU) which means that they are banned from operating services of any kind within the EU. Officially referred to as the Republic of Equatorial Guinea, Equatorial Guinea is a small Central African country of about 28,000 square kilometers. By Martin de Bourmont. The women's national team qualified for the 2011 World Cup in Germany. The first phase consisted of little more than a continuation of previous policies; these closely resembled the policies of Portugal and France, notably in dividing the population into a vast majority governed as 'natives' or non-citizens, and a very small minority (together with whites) admitted to civic status as emancipados, assimilation to the metropolitan culture being the only permissible means of advancement. However, despite the setback Spaniards began to use the island as a base for slave trading on the nearby mainland. [104] The national parliament discussed this law in October 2011. [27] A freed slave from the West Indies by way of Sierra Leone named William Pratt established the cocoa crop on Fernando Pó, forever altering the destiny of the colony. Crude oil produced by the country is primarily extracted from the Alba, Zafiro, and Ceiba regions. Weekend In Review: December 7. Equatorial Guinea. Petro de Luanda moved last Saturday to the second stage of the race of access to the final phase of the African Champion Clubs Cup, after drawing 2-2 with Akonangui of Equatorial-Guinea. Overseas Security Advisory Council Bureau of Diplomatic Security U.S. Department of State Upcoming Events See All There is no matching data to display [31], Between 1926 and 1959 Bioko and Rio Muni were united as the colony of Spanish Guinea. When the War broke out Francisco Franco ordered Nationalist forces based in the Canaries to ensure control over Equatorial Guinea. Covering the latest oil and gas news including shale, lng, drilling, exploration and production. [97] At its 10th summit in Dili in July 2014, Equatorial Guinea was admitted as a CPLP member. SourceSecurity.com features news from security companies, security applications and events & trade shows in Equatorial Guinea. Henry Morton Stanley had labeled Fernando Pó "a jewel which Spain did not polish" for refusing to enact such a policy. Equatorial Guinea’s first decade of freedom was dark because of the incompetent and brutal rule of the president, Macias Nguema. MPP coordinator Enrique Nsolo Nzo was arrested and official state media portrayed him as planning to destabilize the country and depose the president. Las comunidades de la eda del hierro en África Centro-Occidental: cultura material e identidad, Tesi Doctoral, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid. [114] There are now 51 model schools whose active pedagogy will be a national reform. The Africans were principally divided between Fernandinos and Bubi on one side, who feared a loss of privileges and 'swamping' by the Fang majority, and the Río Muni Fang nationalists on the other. Pan-African styles like soukous and makossa are popular, as are reggae and rock and roll. [25], In 1844, the British returned the island to Spanish control and the area became known as the "Territorios Españoles del Golfo de Guinea." For the USSR, there was an advantage to be gained in the War in Angola from access to Luba base and later on to Malabo International Airport. Equatorial Guinea Weather. As of 1 January 2017, the population of Equatorial Guinea was estimated to be 882,963 people. The world’s longest serving leader, President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo of Equatorial Guinea marked his 40th year in power in August. The national currency, the ekwele, had previously been linked to the Spanish peseta.[83]. Equatorial Guinea spans several ecoregions. The US Agency for International Development entered into a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with Obiang, in April 2006, to establish a social development Fund in the country, implementing projects in the areas of health, education, women's affairs and the environment. There were garrisons of the colonial guard throughout the enclave by 1926, and the whole colony was considered 'pacified' by 1929. There are also five shortwave radio stations. [111] Their program consists of twice-yearly indoor residual spraying (IRS), the introduction of artemisinin combination treatment (ACTs), the use of intermittent preventive treatment in pregnant women (IPTp), and the introduction of very high coverage with long-lasting insecticide-treated mosquito nets (LLINs). Pygmies probably once lived in the continental region that is now Equatorial Guinea, but are today found only in isolated pockets in southern Río Muni. Formerly the colony of Spanish Guinea, its post-independence name evokes its location near both the Equator and the Gulf of Guinea. There is also a gendarmerie, but the number of members is unknown. [36], A decision of 9 August 1963, approved by a referendum of 15 December 1963, gave the territory a measure of autonomy and the administrative promotion of a 'moderate' group, the Movimiento de Unión Nacional de Guinea Ecuatorial [es] (MUNGE). The government embarked on a censorship program that affected social sites including Facebook and other websites that were critical to the government of Equatorial Guinea. The deterioration of the rural economy under successive brutal regimes has diminished any potential for agriculture-led growth. [45], The shipping agreement gave the Soviets permission for a pilot fishery development project and also a naval base at Luba. In government and education Spanish is used. The Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests ecoregion covers most of Bioko and the adjacent portions of Cameroon and Nigeria on the African mainland, and the Mount Cameroon and Bioko montane forests ecoregion covers the highlands of Bioko and nearby Mount Cameroon. 1 Trade Shows in Equatorial Guinea; Exhibition Name Cycle Venue Date; SITA - SALON INTERNATIONAL DU TEXTILE AFRICAINSITA, an international exhibition of African textiles, a vast market for the promotion and valorization of African textiles, organizes an international parade of traditional and industrial African clothing in Malabo: once a year: Malabo: Jan. 2021 Without a point after two games, Equatorial Guinea will be desperate to start a revival with a win over Libya. Spain's decision to abolish slavery in 1817 at British insistence damaged the colony's perceived value to the authorities and so leasing naval bases was an effective revenue earner from an otherwise unprofitable possession. Oil wealth and political power are concentrated in the hands of the president’s family. 2015. Despite its name, no part of the country's territory lies on the equator—it is in the northern hemisphere, except for the insular Annobón Province, which is about 155 km (96 mi) south of the equator. Equatorial Guinea Events of 2016 Despite Equatorial Guinea's oil wealth, it has failed to provide essential services to many of its citizens. [96][97] Spanish has been an official language since 1844. 1998. & Maley (J. As a result of the recent increase in the extraction of petroleum, the country's economy has grown significantly. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Although a few of the Fernandinos were Catholic and Spanish-speaking, about nine-tenths of them were Protestant and English-speaking on the eve of the First World War, and pidgin English was the lingua franca of the island. The other islands are … Due to the large oil industry in the country, internationally recognized carriers fly to Malabo International Airport which, in May 2014, had several direct connections to Europe and West Africa. This resolution to the worker shortage allowed Fernando Pó to become one of Africa's most productive agricultural areas after the Second World War. The majority of the people of Equatorial Guinea are of Bantu origin. Equatorial Guinea consists of two parts, an insular and a mainland region. [99], Fa d'Ambô, a Portuguese creole, has vigorous use in Annobón Province, in Malabo (the capital), and among some speakers in Equatorial Guinea's mainland. ", "Equatorial Guinea, A trial with too many flaws", "USAID and the Republic of Equatorial Guinea Agree to Unique Partnership for Development", Organizational Reform & Institutional Capacity-Building, Equatorial Guinea | Amnesty International, Equatorial Guinea: Ignorance worth fistfuls of dollars, "Declaración de la Unión Africana, sobre la supervisión de los comicios electorales – Página Oficial de la Oficina de Información y Prensa de Guinea Ecuatorial", "UPDATE 1-Tang renamed as Equatorial Guinea PM | News by Country | Reuters", Ignacio Milam Tang, new Vice President of the Nation, Interview with President Teodoro Obiang of Equatorial Guinea, "Convocatorial de Manifestacion, 25 de Junio 2013", https://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/africa/gq-personnel.htm, "El Gobierno inicia sus actividades en Djibloho", "La Presidencia de la República sanciona dos nuevas leyes", "Equatorial Guinea government moves to new city in rainforest", https://www.britannica.com/place/Equatorial-Guinea/Plant-and-animal-life, "U.S. Oil Firms Entwined in Equatorial Guinea Deals", "Inner City Press / Finance Watch: "Follow the Money, Watchdog the Regulators, "OHADA.com: The business law portal in Africa", United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, "Formação de professores e programas televisivos introduzem português na Guiné-Equatorial", Obiang convierte al portugués en tercer idioma oficial para entrar en la Comunidad lusófona de Naciones, Oficina de Información y Prensa de Guinea Ecuatorial, Ministerio de Información, Cultura y Turismo, "El portugués será el tercer idioma oficial de la República de Guinea Ecuatorial", "Portuguese will be the third official language of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea", "S. E. Obiang Nguema Mbasogo clausura el Segundo Periodo Ordinario de Sesiones del pleno de la Cámara de Representantes del Pueblo", "Assinado termo de cooperação entre IILP e Guiné Equatorial", "Protocolo de Cooperação entre a Guiné-Equatorial e o IILP", "CPLP vai ajudar Guiné-Equatorial a "assimilar valores, "Nota informativa: Missão da CPLP à Guiné Equatorial", "International Religious Freedom Report for 2017", "Good news in malaria control... Now what? [16] They must have settled continental Equatorial Guinea around 500 BC at the latest. Two General Assembly resolutions were passed in 1965 ordering Spain to grant independence to the colony, and in 1966 a UN Commission toured the country before recommending the same thing. [citation needed]. Most of the Asian population is Chinese, with small numbers of Indians. [citation needed], The euphoria of independence became quickly overshadowed by problems emanating from the Nigerian Civil War. The country consists of a mainland territory, Río Muni, which is bordered by Cameroon to the north and Gabon to the east and south, and five small islands, Bioko, Corisco, Annobón, Elobey Chico (Small Elobey), and Elobey Grande (Great Elobey). The city of Malabo founded by the British in 1827 became the country’s capital in 1969 replacing Bata. [81], Equatorial Guinea is home to gorillas, chimpanzees, various monkeys, leopards, buffalo, antelope, elephants, hippopotamuses, crocodiles, and various snakes, including pythons. The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is a country in Central Africa. Very quickly the Biafran separatists were starved into submission without international backing. The country ranks 144th on the 2019 Human Development Index,[12] with less than half the population having access to clean drinking water and 20% of children dying before the age of five. The congress constituted the center of integration and the marriage of the Hispanic culture with African cultures. COVID-19 Information Last updated: [09/01/20] Country-Specific Information: On August 4, 2020, the government of Equatorial Guinea signed Decree 54/2020 in which it announced the entry into the second phase of de-confinement since the COVID–19 contagion curve descended to 3% as at July 16. [98] The adoption of Portuguese as an official language was the primary requirement to apply for CPLP acceptance. According to Human Rights Watch, the dictatorship of President Obiang used an oil boom to entrench and enrich itself further at the expense of the country's people. Everyone wants to party hard for New Year's Eve 2020 - and there's loads of events in Equatorial Guinea. The International Committee of the Red Cross began running relief flights out of Equatorial Guinea, but Macías quickly became spooked and shut the flights down, refusing to allow them to fly diesel fuel for their trucks nor oxygen tanks for medical operations. Forestry, farming, and fishing are also major components of GDP. In June 2016, Equatorial Guinea was chosen to host the 12th African Games in 2019. This first phase of downscaling included the reopening of the hotel and catering sector. Hanoi (VNA) – Vietnamese labourers in Equatorial Guinea must be brought home immediately, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc requested at working session with the national steering committee for COVID-19 prevention and control in Hanoi on July 10. Abolition of the death penalty and the promotion of Portuguese as an official language were preconditions of the approval. The government responded by legalising political parties, declaring a moratorium on the death penalty, and starting a dialog with all political factions. Radio Macuto is a web based radio a news source known for publishing news that call out Obiang's regime and call for the mobilization of the ecuatoguinean community to exercise freedom of speech and engage in politics. Malabo II Malabo Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea Phone: (240) 333 095741 Website: Malabo Info. Welcome to the official capital of Equatorial Guinea, the nation’s economic and commercial center. Yet despite its impressive GNI figure, Equatorial Guinea is plagued by extreme poverty because its Gini coefficient of 65.0 is the highest in the entire world. The Fortuna project, located in Block EG-27 (previously Block R), was awarded to Lukoil during the 2019 Equatorial Guinea Bid Round. They still remain there in isolated pockets. It consists of Río Muni (also known as Continental Equatorial Guinea), on the continent, and five islands (known collectively as insular Equatorial Guinea): Bioko (formerly Fernando Po), Corisco, Great Elobey (Elobey Grande), Little Elobey (Elobey Chico), and Annobón (Pagalu). Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International among other non-governmental organizations have documented severe human rights abuses in prisons, including torture, beatings, unexplained deaths and illegal detention. The Fang constitute 80% of the population[94] and comprise around 67 clans. Join one or create your own and invite expats. [22], Unwilling to invest heavily in the development of Fernando Pó, from 1827 to 1843, the Spanish leased a base at Malabo on Bioko to the United Kingdom which they had sought as part of their efforts to suppress the transatlantic slave trade. [83], Equatorial Guinea currently has no UNESCO World Heritage Site or tentative sites for the World Heritage List. Source: Google News. Equatorial Guinea was Spanish Colony until October 12th, 1968 when it gained independence. [56], The current president of Equatorial Guinea is Teodoro Obiang. Some Equatorial Guinean communities are also found in Latin America, the United States, Portugal, and France. Equatorial Guinea at major events. [109], The principal religion in Equatorial Guinea is Christianity, the faith of 93% of the population. [90] However freight carriers provide service from European cities to the capital. [69] Obiang re-appointed Prime Minister Ignacio Milam Tang in 2010. In 1979, Lieutenant Colonel Teodoro Obiang, his nephew, overthrew President Nguema through a military coup. The Visa Waiver Program (VWP) allows citizens of participating countries* to travel to the United States without a visa for stays of 90 days or less, when they meet all requirements. Some of the motivations for Equatorial Guinea's membership pursuit into the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP) included access to several professional and academic exchange programmes and facilitated cross-border circulation of citizens. Equatorial Guinea's foreign minister described the seizure as a "paltry and unfriendly" act. The Plaza de la Mujer square in Malabo was occupied by the police from 13 May and it has been heavily guarded ever since. [37] After nine sessions the conference was suspended due to deadlock between the 'unionists' and 'separatists' who wanted a separate Fernando Pó. The discovery of large oil reserves in 1996 and its subsequent exploitation contributed to a dramatic increase in government revenue. Equatorial Guinea at the Olympics. [30], Politically, post-war colonial history has three fairly distinct phases: up to 1959, when its status was raised from 'colonial' to 'provincial', following the approach of the Portuguese Empire; between 1960 and 1968, when Madrid attempted a partial decolonisation aimed at keeping the territory as part of the Spanish system; and from 1968 on, after the territory became an independent republic. There were more than 42,000 internet users by December 2011. Equatorial Guinea lies between latitudes 4°N and 2°S, and longitudes 5° and 12°E. Malabo II Malabo Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea Phone: (240) 333 095741 Website: Malabo Info. King in 1930. The tension may be rooted in a power shift arising from the dramatic increase in oil production which has occurred since 1997. [47], The nephew of Macías Nguema, Teodoro Obiang deposed his uncle on 3 August 1979, in a bloody coup d'état; over two weeks of civil war ensued until Nguema was captured. Trafficking in Persons Report stated that Equatorial Guinea "is a source and destination for women and children subjected to forced labour and forced sex trafficking." Annobón Island is about 350 kilometers (220 mi) west-south-west of Cape Lopez in Gabon. [93] The largest ethnic group, the Fang, is indigenous to the mainland, but substantial migration to Bioko Island since the 20th century means the Fang population exceeds that of the earlier Bubi inhabitants. External links to other Internet sites should not be construed as an endorsement of the views or privacy policies contained therein. Archbishop Juan Nsue Edjang Mayé, Metropolitan Archbishop of Malabo (Equatorial Guinea) and President of Episcopal Conference of Equatorial Guinea, was appointed as President of Association of Episcopal Conferences of the Central Africa Region. By U.S. Embassy Malabo | 25 September, 2020 | Topics: Events, News, Notification, Visas, By U.S. Embassy Malabo | 7 August, 2020 | Topics: Alert, Exclude, By U.S. Embassy Malabo | 4 August, 2020 | Topics: Alert, Exclude, By U.S. Embassy Malabo | 13 July, 2020 | Topics: Alert, Exclude, By U.S. Embassy Malabo | 7 July, 2020 | Topics: Alert, Exclude. In addition, the country was told it must adopt political reforms allowing effective democracy and respect for human rights. There is little popular music coming out of Equatorial Guinea. Shows in Equatorial Guinea holidays in parts of neighboring Cameroon ( Bulu ) and.! 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