He has the bravery of a lion and the loyalty of a dog, and can also travel through heaven and earth according to the mythology. Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology, Netsuke: masterpieces from the Metropolitan Museum of Art, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shisa&oldid=974280758, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 August 2020, at 03:18. This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total. Koromodako – An octopus-like Yokai that lives in the waters bordering Kyoto and Fukui. The three-headed dog of Greek mythology, Cerberus, guarded the entrance to the underworld, allowing spirits to enter but never leave. One day, the king was visiting the village, and one of these attacks happened; all the people ran and hid. [7] In Asia, the lion was popularly believed to have the power to repel evil, and for this reason it was habitually used to guard gates and doors. In Greek mythology, Cerberus (/ ˈ s ɜːr b ər ə s /; Greek: Κέρβερος Kérberos), often referred to as the hound of Hades, is a multi-headed dog that guards the gates of the Underworld to prevent the dead from leaving. The statues do not symbolize the animals' proverbial malice, but the magic powers they are believed to possess. Although primarily based on the Asiatic lion, Shishi often share visual similarities with both tigers and dogs. 8. [4] Others believe the female has her mouth closed to "keep in the good", while the male has his mouth open to "scare away the bad"[5] (Compare this to the distinction between male and female guardian lions in Chinese culture). A fox in front of an Inari shrine with a key in its mouth, Pair of fox guardians with kit at Numazu Aratama Inari Jinja, Detail view of the right fox guardian of the shrine Aratama Inari Jinja in Numazu with visible male genitalia, Detail view of the left fox guardian of the shrine Aratama Inari Jinja in Numazu with kit, Komainu outside the gate of Saikouji in Toyohashi, Detail view of right Komainu outside the gate of Saikouji in Toyohashi with visible male genitalia, Detail view of left Komainu outside the gate of Saikouji in Toyohashi with cub. In this, they blend with an alternate myth which has a lion-god known as Aker perform the same service. Ubiquitous as they are now at shrines, Komainu have been used outdoors only since the 14th century. Whiskers: Cat names for a lion are a rather ironic choice. The local noro had been told in a dream to instruct the king when he visited to stand on the beach and lift up his figurine towards the dragon; she sent the boy, Chiga, to tell him the message. This mythical beast was probably introduced to Japan from China via Korean in the 7th or 8th century AD, during the same period as Buddhism’s transmission to Japan, for the Japanese shishi combines elements of both the Korean "Koma-inu" (Korean dog) and Chinese "Kara-shishi" (Chinese lion). The people of the area sought out Saiouzui, a Feng Shui master, to ask him why there were so many fires. Sometimes the guardians are painted, and in that case they are always white. Shíshī (石狮/石獅) are also known as Fu/Foo Lions, Lions of Buddha, or Chinese guardian lions. Axehandle hound. During the Nara period (710–794), as in the rest of Asia, the pair always consisted of two lions. Fang: This name comes from the lion’s fangs. Hera, angry with Zeus, sent the beast to Nemea, i.e., to the place where the temple devoted to the most important god was situated. The king found it charming and wore it underneath his clothes. Lion is wise like an ancient sage. Hades was the god of the underworld. [11] White foxes are messengers of the kami, who is sometimes himself believed to be, and portrayed as, a fox. When a Chinese emissary returned from a voyage to the court at Shuri Castle, he brought a gift for the king, a necklace decorated with a figurine of a shisa. In mythology, the Chimera was perceived as a danger to Lycia (today’s Turkey). In Greek mythology, Hera was the Nemean lion’s godmother who asked Gaia and Tartarus for creating a god/monster Typhon who would be the future father of the Nemean lion. Komainu strongly resemble Chinese guardian lions and in fact originate from Tang dynasty China. Cerberus then submits to Heracles. "un" shape) or referred to collectively as a-un.[3]. The Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology uses a stylised Shisa as its logo. The word “mythology” comes from ancient Greece, combining mythos (story of the people) with logos (words, speech, or reason).All civilizations have had their myths and folktales, complete with supernatural humans and animals whose experiences are thought to have shaped the world as we know it. "Wind lion god" shisa in Kinmen Island, Republic of China. The first type, born during the Edo period, is called sandō komainu (参道狛犬, visiting road Komainu), the second and much older type jinnai komainu (陣内狛犬, shrine inside komainu). Apart from its three heads, Cerberus has the tail of a serpent, a mane of snakes and the claws of a lion. In Japan, they are sometimes referred to as Komainu, which translates to 'Lion Dogs'. There are a variety of accounts covering how Heracles captured Cerberus. In magic typology, they are sometimes also classified as gargoyle beasts. The Crocotta (or corocotta, crocuta, leucrocotta, or yena), is a globally distributed mythical dog-wolf originating inIndia as well as Ethiopia. In early lumberjack folklore, you’ll find various “fearsome critters.” The Axehandle … The townspeople then built a large stone shisa to protect it from the dragon's spirit and other threats. [4] Together they form the sound Aum, a syllable sacred in several religions like Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. This is a very common characteristic in religious statue pairs at both temples and shrines. Some Okinawans believe the male has his mouth closed to keep bad out of the home, while the female has her mouth open to share goodness. The outgrowth of that myth has those lion-forms take on a life of their own as the guardians of the horizon, protecting the sun-god Ra in his rising and setting. In this version, Heracles uses his lion-skin shield to protect himself from two of the dog’s heads as he chokes the third one. . [1] The open mouth shisa traditionally wards off evil spirits, and the closed mouth shisa keeps good spirits in. Calygreyhound – A mythical creature described as having the head of a wildcat, the torso of a deer or antelope, the claws of an eagle as its forefeet, ox hooves, antlers or horns on its head, the hind legs of a lion or ox and its tail like a lion or poodle. The steed is referred to as "the best of all horses" and described as gray colored. [10] Their name itself is centuries old regional variant of shishi-san (獅子さん, Mr. A komainu at Tozan Shrine in Arita, Saga Prefecture, is made of porcelain. The first lion statue in India appears around the 3rd century BC on top of a column erected by King Ashoka. Hey person below on July 16, 2017: V Yeah, but ORIGINAL names are good too. Komainu – The pair of lion-dogs that guard the entrances of temples. . Icelandic folklore claims that Asbyrgi, a horse-shaped canyon in the northern part of … Komainu (狛犬), often called lion-dogs in English, are statue pairs of lion-like creatures either guarding the entrance or the honden, or inner shrine of many Japanese Shinto shrines or kept inside the inner shrine itself, where they are not visible to the public. One had its mouth open and was called shishi (獅子, lion) because, as before, it resembled that animal. Like the komainu ("lion dogs"), the shisa are a variation of the guardian lions from China. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mythological dogs. The other had its mouth closed, looked rather like a dog, was called komainu, or "Goguryeo dog", and sometimes had a single horn on its head. Shisa are wards, believed to protect from some evils. The most frequent variant of the komainu theme is the fox, guardian of shrines dedicated to kami Inari. [6] The tradition later arrived in China where it developed into the guardian lion that was later exported to Korea, Japan, and Okinawa. If the triple-cranium doesn’t put you down, the mane of snakes, lion claws and serpent tail will probably make you get your move out of there. The pattern is Buddhist in origin (see the article about the Niō, human-form guardians of Buddhist temples) and has a symbolic meaning: The open mouth is pronouncing the first letter of the Sanskrit alphabet, which is pronounced "a", while the closed one is uttering the last letter, which is pronounced "um", to represent the beginning and the end of all things. [5] The Chinese guardian lions are believed to have been influenced by lion pelts and lion depictions introduced through trade from either the Middle East or India, countries where the lion existed and was a symbol of strength. In the past, the pixiu has been used to boost the loyalty and morale of soldiers. Komainu (狛犬), often called lion-dogs in English, are statue pairs of lion-like creatures either guarding the entrance or the honden, or inner shrine of many Japanese Shinto shrines or kept inside the inner shrine itself, where they are not visible to the public. Greek folklore also includes Fairy Tales of Modern Greece, which share lively stories of fairies interacting with mortals, and even a few stories for children from folklorist Andrew Lang. In this case, however, the bibs seem to be purely a rite, whose origins are unclear. Shisa are wards, believed to protect from some evils. Open-mouthed shisa on a traditional tile roof in Okinawa Prefecture. Yaese, and suggested that the townspeople build a stone shisa to face the mountain. Allison on August 30, 2017: This is some cool names! The Fu Dog is a creature with origins in Chinese mythology, legend and folklore. [7] Used only indoors until the 14th century, they were made mainly of wood. The crocotta has the body of an extremely large dog,sometimes as large as a mule. 7. [9] As a protection against exposure to Japan's rainy weather, the komainu started being carved in stone. There are several mythological creatures that are half humans and half birds. [3] Gender is variously assigned to the shisa. Originating from Greek culture, Cerberus is the offspring of the great monsters Typhon and Echidna. Lion represents the spirit, totem and power animal attributes of royalty, wealth, ferocity, sun and solar energy, courage, esteem, mastering emotions. "a" shape) and ''un-gyō (吽形, lit. Badass Dog Names from Mythology for Big Dogs Cerberus - Greek mythological "Hound of Hades." If you see this in a shop, they are often sold in sets of two – one male and one female. Meant to ward off evil spirits, modern komainu statues usually are almost identical, but one has the mouth open, the other closed [6], At Tomimori Village near Kochinda Town in the far southern part of Okinawa, there were often many fires. Subcategories. Konaki-jiji – This yokai disguises itself as an abandoned baby and cries until someone picks it up, then crushes them. 10. During the early Heian period (ninth century), the tradition changed and the two statues started to be different and be called differently. [11] Often one, and sometimes both, has a sūtra roll, a key or a jewel in its mouth (sūtras are Buddhist texts, a fact which attests to the Buddhist origins of the Inari cult[11][12]). Numerous statuary of Chinese guardian lions exist, which are often called "Fu Dogs" "Foo Dogs", "Fu Lions", "Fo Lions", and "Lion Dogs". Cerberus is the three-headed dog of Greek mythology that guards the entrance of the underworld allowing our spirits to enter but never leave. Often the foxes wear red votive bibs similar to those worn by statues of other figures: for example, the Buddhist bodhisattva figure Jizō. People place pairs of shisa on their rooftops or flanking the gates to their houses, with the left shisa traditionally having a closed mouth, the right one an open mout… Lioness: Keep it simple with a name like lioness. [2] From the Edo period, they started to be called "guardian dogs" in general in mainland Japan. Konoha-tengu – A bird-like Tengu. Lexie_Lion_LoD on January 16, 2018: love the names. Fu Dogs: Unfailing Entrance Guards. The lion, similarly to the horse, is the animal symbolizing strength, bravery and ferocity. This is a list of dogs from mythology, including dogs, beings who manifest themselves as dogs, beings whose anatomy includes dog parts, and so on. 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