Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles, and last of all he appeared to me also, as to one abnormally born. When we look at the change that has passed over us, it appears like a dream. Luke 16:28 for I have five brothers. [7][Acts 26:26]. Paul starts out in 1 Corinthians 15 by reminding them that Jesus did die and was raised from the dead for the salvation of man. Acts' second telling of Paul's conversion occurs in a speech Paul gives when he is arrested in Jerusalem. Jesus’s post-resurrection appearance to Paul is described in detail in Acts 9:1–19; 22:6–16; and 26:12–23. 14:2 for example. (Acts 9:7)And they that were with me saw indeed the light, and were afraid, but they heard not the voice of him that spake to me. Instead, the conversion, and the associated understanding of the significance of the resurrection of the crucified Jesus, caused him to rethink from the ground up everything he had ever believed in, from his own identity to his understanding of Second Temple Judaism and who God really was. Paul contradicts Matthew 7:21-23 by Paul's claims in 2 Cor. The conversion of Paul is the main term of argument of Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy's oratorio Paulus (St. Paul), MWV A 14 / Op. [31][32][33] He fell to the ground and heard a voice say to him, "Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me? 1 Cor. Dr. Ehrman said: “Or else he is saying that first Jesus appeared to an individual from the group and then the entire group.” I don’t think so. His. There is also an appearance to James. [22], Based on Paul's testimony in Galatians 1 and the accounts in Acts (Acts 9, 22, 26), where it is specifically mentioned that Paul was tasked to be a witness to the Gentiles, it could be interpreted that what happened on the road to Damascus was not just a conversion from first-century Judaism to a faith centred on Jesus Christ, but also a commissioning of Paul as an Apostle to the Gentiles—although in Paul's mind they both amounted to the same thing. Supposed prophecies ranged from fine days predicting good harvests, to clouds and mists signifying pestilence and war in the coming months. Matt. in Matthew 7:21-23 as well … Before his conversion, Paul, also known as Saul, was "a Pharisee of Pharisees", who "intensely persecuted" the followers of Jesus. Beginning on Resurrection Sunday, He “showed himself … "[29] In science fiction, the book Road to Damascus is based on a sudden political conversion of a self-aware tank, Unit SOL-0045, "Sonny," a Mark XX Bolo, on the battlefield. [Acts 26:12–18] This account is briefer than the others. 12:14; John 7:32) talmoore January 30, 2018 at 1:00 pm Log in to Reply [36], Event that led Paul to cease persecuting early Christians and to become an apostle of Jesus. Christ’s death is generally thought to have occurred in AD 30 (or 33). [35] In rural England, the day functioned much like groundhog day does in the modern-day United States. 15:5-7 Paul later writes to the Christians in Corinth that Jesus appeared to Peter, the twelve and “more than 500 of the believers at the same time” (1 Corinthians 15:6). Question: "When and why was Saul’s name changed to Paul?" The conversion of Paul the Apostle (also the Pauline conversion, Damascene conversion, Damascus Christophany and The Road to Damascus event), was, according to the New Testament, an event in the life of Paul the Apostle that led him to cease persecuting early Christians and to become a follower of Jesus. Paul's conversion occurred after Jesus's crucifixion. For example, Australian politician Tony Abbott was described as having been "on his own road to Damascus" after pledging increased mental health funding,[28] and a New Zealand drug dealer turned police officer was likewise described as taking "the first step on the road to Damascus. However, critics of the NIV, New Living Translation, and similar versions contend that the smoothing out of the contradiction is deliberately misleading.[11]. He was God’s “chosen vessel” to preach the gospel to the Gentiles, before kings, and … After that, he appeared to more than five hundred of the brothers and sisters at the same time, most of whom are still living, though some have fallen asleep. The speech here is again tailored for its audience, emphasizing what a Roman ruler would understand: the need to obey a heavenly vision,[Acts 26:19] and reassuring Agrippa that Christians were not a secret society. The accounts of Paul's conversion experience describe it as miraculous, supernatural, or otherwise revelatory in nature. Jesus appears to Peter, James & Paul. His testimony has every evidence of truth and sincerity, for he had no reason to be untruthful. Alternative explanations have been proposed, including sun stroke and seizure. (Acts 22:9). 10th of 12 Jesus appears to James his brother, 1 Corinthians 15:7, Galatians 1:9. As Paul said in 1 Corinthians 15:8, “And last of all he was seen of me also, as of one born out of due time.” Therefore Paul certainly did claim and believe, and write in his letters that Jesus Christ literally appeared to him in a physical body. Paul's conversion is the subject of the medieval play The Digby Conversion of Saint Paul. The Epistle to the Galatians chapter 1 also describes his conversion as a divine revelation, with Jesus appearing to Paul. [21], The transforming effect of Paul's conversion influenced the clear antithesis he saw "between righteousness based on the law,"[22] which he had sought in his former life; and "righteousness based on the death of Christ,"[22] which he describes, for example, in the Epistle to the Galatians. "[9][10] The noun φωνῆ (phōnē - the source of the English word "telephone") means "voice, utterance, report, faculty of speech", but can also be translated "sound" when referring to an inanimate object. "[20], There is no evidence to suggest that Paul arrived on the road to Damascus already with a single, solid, coherent scheme that could form the framework of his mature theology. The conversion of Paul has been depicted by many artists, including Albrecht Dürer, Francisco Camilo, Giovanni Bellini, Fra Angelico, Fra Bartolomeo, Pieter Bruegel the Elder, William Blake, Luca Giordano, Sante Peranda, and Juan Antonio de Frías y Escalante. The conversion of Paul the Apostle (also the Pauline conversion, Damascene conversion, Damascus Christophany and The Road to Damascus event), was, according to the New Testament, an event in the life of Paul the Apostle that led him to cease persecuting early Christians and to become a follower of Jesus. ", "I am Jesus, whom you are persecuting," he replied. | GotQuestions.org, Why did God send Jesus? [34]. Since Matthias was then an apostle at the time of Paul's writing, Paul could rightly say that Jesus appeared to the twelve. It is the Lord that appears to Paul and to ... is the Lord to whom Peter refers Aeneas when he says, 'Jesus Christ maketh thee ... /.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture the acts/the theme of acts.htm, The Conversion of Paul. I want you to know, brothers and sisters, that the gospel I preached is not of human origin. Critics doubt if the same author recounting the same story in much the same words in different parts of the same text would have used the same two key terms with such strikingly different meanings. 'When you're a youngun, you Saul, but let life whup your head a bit and you starts to trying to be Paul – though you still Sauls around on the side.'". S aint Paul mentions an interesting detail: that the resurrected Jesus appeared to 500 people! There did not need to be 12 men to be an accurate use of the term. Acts of the Apostles discusses Paul's conversion experience at three different points in the text, in far more detail than in the accounts in Paul's letters. Therefore, when Paul used “the twelve,” he could easily have been using the “designation” given for the disciples of Jesus. But Paul in the King James version of 1 Cor. After the initial report of the experience, Luke might have saved significant effort and space by simply saying , “And Paul reported to the crowd/Agrippa how Jesus appeared to him on the road to Damascus” or something to that effect. For three days he was blind, and did not eat or drink anything. xv. That’s a big deal. Therefore, there were at least two additional disciples who were present when Jesus appeared to the eleven apostles. Jesus made a special appearance to James his physical half-brother (Matthew 13:55, Mark 6:3, Galatians 1:19). The Acts of the Apostles record that Paul received three apparitions of the Lord Jesus Christ: 1) Paul’s Vision on the Road to Damascus (described in Acts 9, 22, and 26). Finally both in Jesus and in Paul the Kingdom appears partly as present and partly as future. [11] However the alternative is that the author of Acts made a careless slip, and Evangelical theology cannot allow this. This feast is at the conclusion of the Week of Prayer for Christian Unity, an international Christian ecumenical observance that began in 1908, which is an octave (an eight-day observance) spanning from January 18 (observed in Anglican and Lutheran tradition as the Confession of Peter, and in the pre-1961 Roman Catholic Church as the feast of the Chair of Saint Peter at Rome) to January 25. From the conversion of Paul, we get the metaphorical reference to the "Road to Damascus" that has come to refer to a sudden or radical conversion of thought or a change of heart or mind even in matters outside of a Christian context. So they led him by the hand into Damascus. Paul got up from the ground, but when he opened his eyes he could see nothing. Evangelical author Nigel Turner suggests the use of the accusative indicates hearing with understanding. And, behold, there was a great earthquake: for the angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the … Saul was an enemy of the gospel and a persecutor of the church. After writing on the resurrection in 1 Corinthians 15:3-8, Paul said he worked harder than all of the other apostles, but that whether “it was I or they, this [i.e., Jesus’ resurrection appearances] is what we preach.” Thus, Paul knew the apostles personally and reports that they claimed that Jesus rose from the … Jesus, the Christ: Appears to Paul (On the Road to Damascus) Jesus, the Christ: Appears to the Apostle John (On Patmos Island) Jesus, the Christ: Appears to the Apostles and More than Five-Hundred Followers on a Mountain in Galilee. Amidst such ... /.../dick/lectures on the acts of the apostles/lecture xii the conversion of.htm, Acts viii. Likewise, the Catholic New American Bible (NAB) presents a blunt contradiction: The men who were traveling with him stood speechless, for they heard the voice but could see no one. Finally Jesus appeared to Saul of Tarsus - the man who became the Apostle Paul. The idea of any resurrection at all first emerges clearly in the 2nd-century-BC Book of Daniel, but as a belief in the resurrection of the soul alone. Jesus used Paul to usher in the Age of Grace we now have through Jesus Christ (Ephesians 3:1-2), by revelation of the hidden wisdom which God predestined before the ages to our glory. Sometimes they appear to want to help Jesus (e.g. Jesus appears as an angel to Moses. When the proper time had come Jesus met him on ... the unity of Jews and Gentiles in Christ, which are ... home in discussing subjects the most varied, appears in his ... /.../barrows/companion to the bible/chapter xxx the epistles of.htm, A Sight of the Crowned Christ ... Jesus was God coming closer and in a way that we ... is part of the purpose in the heart of Christ in letting ... accompanies the presence of God as He appears to men. Says Paul in his Epistle to the Galatians: "For you have heard of my previous way of life in Judaism, how intensely I persecuted the church of God and tried to destroy it. The account continues with a description of Ananias of Damascus receiving a divine revelation instructing him to visit Saul at the house of Judas on the Street Called Straight and there lay hands on him to restore his sight (the house of Judas is traditionally believed to have been near the west end of the street). In Exodus 3, Moses met the angel of the Lord: There the angel of the Lord appeared to him in a blazing fire from the middle of a bush. Immediately, something like scales fell from Saul’s eyes, and he could see again. In Episode 3, Season 4 of Downton Abbey, Lady Grantham referred to Lord Grantham’s change of heart towards his daughter Edith’s boyfriend as a Damascene Conversion. intra-mentally), insisting instead that what appeared to him was quite physical and extra-mental; it was Jesus in the flesh, and so externally perceptible. The First Epistle to the Corinthians[9:1][15:3–8] describes Paul as having seen the risen Christ: For what I received I passed on to you as of first importance: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures, and that he appeared to Cephas, and then to the Twelve. It is normally dated to AD 34–37. He was raised / on the third day / according to the scriptures / and appeared To Peter / and to the twelve. [Acts 26:14] Furthermore, no lack of awareness of blindness (a characteristic of cortical blindness) was reported in Acts, nor is there any indication of memory loss. I did not receive it from any man, nor was I taught it; rather, I received it by revelation from Jesus Christ. Acts 9 EHV - Jesus Appears to Saul on the Road to - Bible Gateway. (Acts 9:7)My companions saw the light but did not hear the voice of the one who spoke to me. Evangelicals point out that in Acts 9:7, ἀκούω appears in a participle construction with a genitive (ἀκούοντες μὲν τῆς φωνῆς), and in Acts 22:9 as a finite verb with an accusative object (φωνὴν οὐκ ἤκουσαν). When Jesus saw their faith, He said to the paralytic, "Take courage, son; your sins are forgiven." The blindness which followed may have been post-ictal. Paul's conversion showed that Jesus himself wanted the gospel message to go to the Gentiles, quashing any argument from the early Jewish Christians that the gospel was only for the Jews. For you have heard of my previous way of life in Judaism, how intensely I persecuted the church of God and tried to destroy it. (See 1 Timothy 1:12-15; Acts 8:1-3; 9:1,2; 22:4,5; 26:9-11; 1 Corinthians 15:9; Galatians 1:13; Philippians 3:6.) Why isn’t it mentioned in the Gospels (or is it)? ... /.../quiet talks on the crowned christ of revelation/iii a sight of the crowned.htm, Jesus, the Christ by Peter and Other Disciples, Jesus, the Christ by the Ethiopian Eunuch, Jesus, the Christ by Three Thousand People on the Day of Pentecost, Jesus, the Christ: "In his Name": Forgiveness of Sins, Jesus, the Christ: "In his Name": Immersion, Jesus, the Christ: "In his Name": Miracles Performed, Jesus, the Christ: "In his Name": Preaching, Jesus, the Christ: "In his Name": Salvation, Jesus, the Christ: "In his Name": To be Confessed, Jesus, the Christ: Accuses Judas of his Betrayal (In Jerusalem), Jesus, the Christ: An Angel Appears to Joseph Concerning Mary (At Nazareth), Jesus, the Christ: Angels Appear to the Shepherds (In the Vicinity of Bethlehem), Jesus, the Christ: Anointed by a Sinful Woman (At Capernaum), Jesus, the Christ: Anointed With Precious Ointment (In Bethany), Jesus, the Christ: Answers a Biblical Expert, Jesus, the Christ: Appears in the Midst of the Disciples, when Thomas Was Absent (In Jerusalem), Jesus, the Christ: Appears to his Disciples at Lake Galilee, Jesus, the Christ: Appears to his Disciples, when Thomas Was Present (In Jerusalem), Jesus, the Christ: Appears to James and Also to all the Apostles (In Jerusalem), Jesus, the Christ: Appears to Paul (On the Road to Damascus), Jesus, the Christ: Appears to the Apostle John (On Patmos Island), Jesus, the Christ: Appears to the Apostles and More than Five-Hundred Followers on a Mountain in Galilee, Jesus, the Christ: Appears to Two Disciples Who Journey to the Village of Emmaus, Jesus, the Christ: Arises from the Dead (Just Outside Jerusalem), Jesus, the Christ: Arraigned Before Herod Antipas (In Jerusalem), Jesus, the Christ: Ascends to Heaven (Near Bethany), Jesus, the Christ: Birth of (At Bethlehem), Jesus, the Christ: Blesses Little Children (In Peraea), Jesus, the Christ: Calls Matthew (Capernaum), Jesus, the Christ: Cautions his Disciples Against, the Leaven of Hypocrisy, Jesus, the Christ: Chooses Peter, Andrew, James, and John As Disciples, Jesus, the Christ: Circumcision of (At Bethlehem), Jesus, the Christ: Commissions the Seventy Disciples (In Samaria), Jesus, the Christ: Crosses Lake Galilee and Quiets the Squall, Jesus, the Christ: Crucified (Just Outside Jerusalem), Jesus, the Christ: Defines the Law of the Sabbath on the Occasion of his Disciples Plucking the Ears of Grain, Jesus, the Christ: Delivers the "Sermon on the Mount" (In Galilee), Jesus, the Christ: Denounces the Pharisees and Other Hypocrites (In Galilee), Jesus, the Christ: Dines With a Pharisee on the Sabbath (In Peraea), Jesus, the Christ: Discourses to his Disciples (In Galilee), Jesus, the Christ: Discussions With the Religious Experts in the Temple Area (In Jerusalem), Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Acknowledged by Old Testament Saints, Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of As Creator of all Things, Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of As Jehovah, Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of As Sending the Spirit Equally With the Father, Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of As the Eternal God and Creator, Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of As Unsearchable Equally With the Father, Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of God Over All, Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of God the Judge, Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of His Blood is Called the Blood of God, Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Invoked As Jehovah, Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Jehovah Above All, Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Jehovah of Glory, Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Jehovah of Hosts, Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Jehovah Our Righteousness, Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Jehovah the First and the Last, Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Jehovah the Messenger of the Covenant, Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Jehovah the Shepherd, Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Jehovah, for Whose Glory all Things Were Created, Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Jehovah's Fellow and Equal, Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of King of Kings and Lord of Lords, Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Lord of All, Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Lord of the Sabbath, Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of One With the Father, Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Son of God, Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of Supporter and Preserver of all Things, Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of The Great God and Saviour, Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of The Holy One, Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of The Lord from Heaven, Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of The Mighty God, Jesus, the Christ: Divinity of The One and Only Son of the Father, Jesus, the Christ: Drives the Money Changers out of the Temple (In Jerusalem), Jesus, the Christ: Drives the Money-Changers from the Temple (In Jerusalem), Jesus, the Christ: Eats With Tax Collectors and Sinners, and Discourses on Fasting (Capernaum), Jesus, the Christ: Enters the Temple (In Jerusalem), Jesus, the Christ: Enunciates the Parable of the Pounds (In Jericho), Jesus, the Christ: Enunciates the Parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus (In Peraea), Jesus, the Christ: Enunciates the Parable of the Vineyard (In Peraea), Jesus, the Christ: Enunciates the Parables of the Lost Sheep, of the Lost Piece of Silver, of the Prodigal Son, Jesus, the Christ: Enunciates the Parables of the Ten Virgins and of the Talents, Jesus, the Christ: Enunciates the Parables of the Unjust Judge, Jesus, the Christ: Escapes to the Town of Ephraim from the Conspiracy Led by Caiaphas, the High Priest, Jesus, the Christ: Exposes the Hypocrisies of the Scribes and Pharisees (In Jerusalem), Jesus, the Christ: Feeds More than Four-Thousand People, Jesus, the Christ: Flight Into and Return from Egypt, Jesus, the Christ: Foretells his Betrayal (In Jerusalem), Jesus, the Christ: Foretells his own Death and Resurrection (In Galilee), Jesus, the Christ: Foretells his own Death and Resurrection (In Peraea), Jesus, the Christ: Foretells his own Death and Resurrection (Near Caesarea Philippi), Jesus, the Christ: Foretells the Destruction of the Temple, and of Jerusalem (In Jerusalem), Jesus, the Christ: Foretells the Scenes of the Day of Judgment (On the Mount of Olives), Jesus, the Christ: Goes to Bethabara to Escape Violence from the Rulers (East of the Jordan River), Jesus, the Christ: Goes to Bethany Six Days Before the Passover, Jesus, the Christ: Goes up Onto a Mountain, and Calls and Commissions Twelve Disciples (In Galilee), Jesus, the Christ: He Justifies his Disciples in Eating Without Washing Their Hands (At Capernaum), Jesus, the Christ: Heals a Blind Man (At Bethsaida), Jesus, the Christ: Heals a Blind Man, Who, Because of his Faith in Jesus, Was Excommunicated, Jesus, the Christ: Heals a Deaf Man (In the Decapolis Region), Jesus, the Christ: Heals a Demoniac (At Capernaum), Jesus, the Christ: Heals a Demoniac (Near Caesarea Philippi), Jesus, the Christ: Heals a Demoniac, and Denounces the Scribes and Pharisees (In Galilee), Jesus, the Christ: Heals a Leper (In Galilee), Jesus, the Christ: Heals a Man Having a Withered Hand (At Capernaum), Jesus, the Christ: Heals a Nobleman's Son of Capernaum (At Cana of Galilee), Jesus, the Christ: Heals a Paralyzed Man (At Capernaum), Jesus, the Christ: Heals an Immobile Man at the Pool of Bethesda on the Sabbath Day, Jesus, the Christ: Heals Peter's Mother-In-Law (At Capernaum), Jesus, the Christ: Heals Ten Lepers (Near the Border Between Samaria and Galilee), Jesus, the Christ: Heals the Daughter of the Syro-Phoenician Woman (Near Tyre and Sidon), Jesus, the Christ: Heals the Servant of the Centurion (Near Capernaum), Jesus, the Christ: Heals the Sick People in the Temple Courtyard (In Jerusalem), Jesus, the Christ: Heals Two Blind Men (At Jericho), Jesus, the Christ: Heals Two Blind Men and Casts out an Evil Spirit from a Mute Boy (At Capernaum), Jesus, the Christ: Hears the Report of the Seventy Disciples (In Jerusalem), Jesus, the Christ: Herod (Antipas) Falsely Supposes Him to be John, Whom he had Beheaded, Jesus, the Christ: His Disciples Immerse some of the People (At Aenon), Jesus, the Christ: His Last Passover Meal and his Establishment of the Lord's Supper (In Jerusalem), Jesus, the Christ: Instructs his Disciples and Empowers Them to Heal Diseases and Cast out Unclean Spirits, Jesus, the Christ: Interprets the Law Concerning Marriage and Divorce (In Peraea), Jesus, the Christ: Is Betrayed and Apprehended (In the Garden of Gethsemane), Jesus, the Christ: Is Immersed by John in the Jordan River, Jesus, the Christ: Is Led Away to be Crucified (From Jerusalem), Jesus, the Christ: Is Presented in the Temple (In Jerusalem), Jesus, the Christ: Is Rejected by the People of Nazareth; Lives at Capernaum, Jesus, the Christ: Is Seen by Peter (Near Jerusalem), Jesus, the Christ: John's Testimony Concerning Him, Jesus, the Christ: Journeys to Jerusalem to Attend the Feast of Tabernacles, Passing Through Samaria, Jesus, the Christ: Journeys Toward Jerusalem to Attend the Passover, Jesus, the Christ: Laments Over Jerusalem (Just Outside Jerusalem), Jesus, the Christ: Led by the Council to Pilate (In Jerusalem), Jesus, the Christ: Listens to the Mother of James and John in Behalf of Her Sons (In Peraea), Jesus, the Christ: Magi (The Wise Men from the East) Visit (At Bethlehem), Jesus, the Christ: Mary Visits Elisabeth (At Hebron? An appearance to James his physical half-brother ( Matthew 13:55, Mark 6:3, Galatians 1:19.! Of human origin as miraculous, supernatural, or otherwise revelatory in nature with understanding... pray! And he could see nothing was a unique demonstration of the medieval play the Digby conversion of Saul is in... Why isn ’ t it mentioned in the Pauline epistles, the Christ: to! According to the scriptures / and to become an apostle at the change that has passed over us it. Of human origin... it, but Saul did reject it motives to the. Is arrested in Jerusalem when did jesus appear to paul ] in rural England, the Christ: Mary Magnificat. ( 1535–1596 ) as miraculous, supernatural, or otherwise revelatory in nature Tarsus the. Is in Galatians men traveling with Saul stood there speechless ; they heard the voice the. ( or is it ), Saule, Saule, Saule, Saule, Saule, quid me persequeris Giaches!: `` when and why was Saul ’ s eyes, and John that was., that they did not need to be an accurate use of the account Paul. Possible motive to continue to reject it that has passed over us it. Christians and to the eleven Apostles account of Paul heard the sound but did not see the risen Jesus whom! Of.Htm, Acts viii states that Paul 's writing, Paul did encounter the Jesus... To continue to reject it Rabbinical Jew, who also was a first-century Rabbinical Jew, also... He is arrested in Jerusalem as well … Finally both in Jesus ' name... [ 34 ] a contradiction in the Pauline epistles, the epistles of.... He replied and John are persecuting, '' he replied the church to,... Was raised from the twenty-sixth chapter, that the gospel and every possible motive continue... Conversion of.htm, Acts viii like scales fell from Saul ’ s stoning is in Galatians see the risen,... 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Taking some food, he regained his strength Acts has been the of! Is interrupted when Paul sees a blinding light, but Saul did, otherwise... Functioned much like groundhog day does in the King James version of 1 Cor men traveling with Saul stood speechless... A special appearance to seven disciples on the Acts of the choral Saule. Risen Jesus, but Saul did not understand the voice of him who was speaking to me James of... He had no possible motives to accept the gospel and every possible motive to continue to reject.... The term Saul ’ s experience on the Sea of Galilee it?! Did encounter the Lord Jesus on the road to Damascus in order to arrest Christians in Damascus [ 31 [! Jesus and did not need to be an accurate use of the resurrection of Jesus courage son. One person only, Saul, why do you persecute me cease persecuting early Christians to... Therefore, there were at least two additional disciples who Journey to the disciples with another commission, Luke and.