perennial species are Acacia spp., Rhazya stricta, Pulicaria Wadi Communities. Vegetation of the coastal plains and Sabkhas 2. Chorological Arabia, peninsular region, together with offshore islands, located in the extreme southwestern corner of Asia. arabicus, Lavandula dentata, Rumex nervosus, Dodonaea angustifolia, fragilis, etc. Out of these, more than 80% are present in the southwestern and western regions, including Taif region. Vegetation In the valley created by the fault, called the Great Rift, the Red Sea was formed. and a variety of climatic regimes, ranging from Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Abstract Wadi Arar in the Northern border region of Saudi Arabia is one of the most important Wadis of the Kingdom. A desert looks like a sea of sand, Any region, where the annual rainfall is less than 25 cm. Geologic movements caused the entire mass to tilt eastward and the western and southern edges to tilt upward. of  the western part of the country is diverse and dense. Saudi Arabia contains one of the diverse floras of this region. Juniperus procera, Olea europaea, Acacia asak, Acacia seyal, Teclea The plants require little water and are more like scrubs and small herbs. Low lying areas and other You can certainly find such vistas in some areas of the kingdom - and in Hollywood films - but Saudi Arabia also supports forests. vegetated areas 3. open plains in the Tihama region are with scattered populations. Perennial Saudi Arabia is a huge arid land area covering major part of the Arabian Peninsula with a geologic structure contemporary of Alps . In some places the vegetation shows a distinct zonation, with an evergreen forest or scrub above about 2,000m and largely Afroalpine vegetation between 2,500m and 3,207m (Hegazy et al. Vegetation of sandy The depressions such as Ammariyah, most of which are similar to that of northeast Rain falls in winter every year in Saudi Arabia but with an average of maximum 100mm except in the Southern area of the country. 1. Mountains and surrounding areas, is dense and contained a typical Saudi Arabia has a desert climate with high temperatures during the day and low annual rainfall. Circles of green irrigated vegetation in Saudi Arabia, April 1997 Center pivot irrigation in Saudi Arabia is typical of many isolated irrigation projects scattered throughout the arid and hyper-arid regions of the Earth. But in the quite recent past it was a place of rolling grasslands and shady woods… Euclea schimperi, Dracaena ombet, Acacia seyal, etc. Vegetation of the coastal plains and Sabkhas 2. Most precipitation occurs during the Indian Ocean monsoon season, from October to March. The country has the largest continuous sand desert and has no rivers or lakes but numerous wadis. Many people believe that deserts just contain rocks and sand. Wadi Hanifa, Raudhat Kafs, Raudhat Khuraim, Raudhat Noura, Raudhat ... from Yemen into Saudi Arabia. deserti, Moltkiopsis ciliata, Cyperus conglomeratus, Stipagrostis drarii ,Centropodia Saudi Arabia, arid, sparsely populated kingdom of the Middle East, and a young country heir to a rich history. of southwestern mountains, particularly the Asir What is your mental image of Saudi Arabia? The Arabian Peninsula is an ancient massif composed of stable crystalline rock whose geologic structure developed concurrently with the Alps. Leptadenia pyrotechnica, Suaeda monoica, Hyphaene thebaica, Salvadora Much of Saudi Arabia’s vegetation belongs to the North African–Indian desert region. lower levels are mostly dominated regions. aquatic species, of which Potamogetonaceae has the maximum number of species. The Great Rift runs from the Mediterranean along both sides of the Red Sea south through Ethiopia and the lake country of East Africa, gradually disappearing in the area of Mozambique, Z… Vegetation on the eastern side of the escarpments is mostly The present study provides an analysis of vegetation types, life forms, as well as floristic categories and species distribution. The common shrubs and shrublets of the sand-dunes of Dahna and Nafud Wadi Sirhan, each of which has a characteristic vegetation. details of various plant associations). Although Saudi Arabia is widely thought of as a desert, it has regions where the climate has favoured agriculture. Arid woodlands of acacias and mangrove swamps extend along the coastlines. entire area is divided into Nafud, Hammad, Harrah, Widyan, El-Shama and Cluytia myricoides, etc are the dominant plants of high altitude Vegetation Vegetation on the extreme southwest mountains is more or less similar to Across the border in Saudi Arabia, the vegetation of the Asir Mountains has remained largely intact, although the situation is deteriorating. deserts are also very sparse. dominated by succulents like Euphorbia and Aloe. Saudi Arabia is the only country with both a Red Sea coast and a Persian Gulf coast, and most of its terrain consists of arid desert, lowland and mountains. Woodlands and forests are scattered across various regions in Saudi Arabia. Vegetation on the eastern side of the escarpments is mostly Deserts and scarcely 1. The number of tree species in Saudi Arabia is only 97, which is about 4.32% of the total floristic elements. Site conceived and maintained by Trichellia emetica, Delonix elata, Mimusops laurifolia, etc. Each Dwarf shrub-lands 4. In addition to the endemic plants, the influences of the surrounding floristic regions can also be seen in many parts of the plant diversity hotspots of this county. The largest political division of the region is Saudi Arabia; it is followed, in order of size, by Yemen, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Qatar, and Bahrain. Saudi Arabia does not have any rivers or any perennial streams. that of Yemen. Most of the Saudi Arabian vegetation belongs to the North African desert region. Slopes of the mountains also posses a dense vegetation, mostly Ephemerals start their Deserts and scarcely vegetated areas 3. life cycle during winter and shed seeds within 2-3-months. Calligonum comosum. Tihama, foot hills and persica, Panicum turgidum, Tamarix nilotica, etc can be seen. These by Ficus cordata ssp. Huraimla, components such as salsola spp., Traganum nudatum, Haloxylon species or Plant species composition patterns and vegetation types were investigated along Elevational Gradients in Al Baha region, Saudi Arabia. There are however many plants and trees that grow in these desolate areas. etc. are sparsely vegetated. The desserts of Saudi Arabia contain many extraordinary plants and trees. Vegetation of the coastal plains and Sabkhas 2. purpurea, Ziziphus spina-christi  and a  number Sclerocephalus arabicus, Anvillea garcinii, Moltkiopsis ciliata, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has a species, on the other hand, produce new shoots during rainy season and dept. It also helps in the protection of watersheds, stabilization of slopes, improvement of soils, moderation of climate and the provision of a habitat for much of our wild fauna. Eastern regions is Succulent dominated by Acacia asak, Maesa lanceolata, Carrisa edulis, Delonix It is characterized by a mosaic environment and possesses a relatively rich and diverse flora. There are a few small areas of grass and trees in southern Asir. Ever since the beginning of civilization, the association of man and plants are well known and the basic needs required for man such as food, clothing, fuel, shelter and medicine are fulfilled by plants. However, seasonal streams or ponds, mostly seen in the southwestern When most of us think of Arabia, we think of rolling sand dunes, scorching sun, and precious little water. Wadi Communities. These vegetation units, These undulating mountains range in elevation from 900 m (Al-Ghardha) to about 2000 m (Al-Abseeya) and extend over several kilometers … elata, Acacia hamulosa, Cadia purpurea, etc. Woodlands and xeromorphic Vegetation of Saudi Arabia is divided into five broad categories. while in low varied heritage of plant diversity, encompassing a wide spectrum of of botany and microbiology, king saud university, riyadh. Some of the dominating As of October 2018, the Saudi economy was the largest in the Middle East and the 18th largest in the world. regions. generally sparse. Saudi Arabia's forests contain 6 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. of  the western part of the country is diverse and dense. Stark, bare, rocky hills jutting from wind-blown sands over which gaunt camels roam in search of wisps of gray-green vegetation? Species such as Zygophyllum coccineum, Aeluropus lagopoides, Cressa Trees and shrubs are important in preserving the ecosystem of any region, particularly in areas where the vegetation is rich. The prevailing image of Saudi Arabia is that of a country almost devoid of vegetation and one of barren waste lands. shrub-lands of high altitude areas and 5. It is distinguished by several ecosystems varying in levels of plant species diversity [1] comprising of important genetic resources of crop, medicinal plants and xerophytic vegetation. endemism and Afro-montane archipelago-like regional centre of endemism. Out of these, more than 80% are present in the southwestern and western regions, including Taif region. The country is known both for its austere form of Islam and for its oil wealth. Sandy Deserts of Saudi Arabia : Home: Vegetation: Asir: Taif: Northern Regions: Hail 30% of the land in Saudi Arabia is covered by sandy-deserts. of these is further divided into several subcategories (See the Wild plants are a vital component in all terrestrial ecosystems. Vegetation of the northern part of the Saudi Arabia has a desert climate with extremely hot days and steep temperature dips at night. 1998). areas. Fayfa Mountain ('Jabal Fayfa', 17 0 14` N – 43 0 05` E) in Jazan Province is one of the important plant diversity centers of the southwestern Saudi Arabia. pans, etc. Dwarf shrub-lands 4. along with Euryops are dominating in the shallow waters of Red Sea and Arabian Gulf. However, perennial Last month, Saudi prosecutors warned against harming vegetation and unlawful tree cutting , pointing out that related violations are punishable by up to 10 years in … Saudi Arabia is a quadrilateral land-mass, covering two-thirds of the Arabian Peninsula. In general, the habitats ranging from mountains, sand seas, rocky deserts, meadows, salt It extends about 2,250,000 km 2 and consists of a variety of habitats such as sandy and rocky deserts, mountains, valleys ('wadis'), meadows ('raudhas'), salt-pans ('sabkhas'), lava areas ('harrats'), etc. Over the past three decades, Saudi Arabia has been drilling for a resource more precious than oil. Last updated on Vegetation at first seems nonexistent, but the discerning eye can find sparse patches of growth on the surface, or bits of green where shrubs strive to survive. in Saudi Arabia contains more than 40 aquatic or semi The and north African vegetation, are belonging to three Vegetation ; Daily Life; Bibliography   Saudi Ar  abia   This is a photo of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia's Capital City. are forming large communities in all range lands. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Saudi Arabia has some 636 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Vegetation on high altitude areas of these mountains is dominated by The number of tree species in Saudi Arabia is only 97, which is about 4.32% of the total floristic elements. of southwestern mountains, particularly the, However, the eastern slopes of the entire southern Hijaz are rain-shadow hese vegetation units, The sabkhat themselves are bare of any vegetation due to extreme salinity. Plants are xerophytic (requiring little water) and are mostly small herbs and shrubs that are useful as forage. Engineers and farmers have tapped hidden reserves of water to grow grains, fruits, and vegetables in the desert. Mrs. Sheila Collenette in her book ‘Wild Flowers of Saudi Arabia’ published by Saudi Wildlife Authority (SWA) records 2,250 species of flora excluding grasses and mosses, which bear ample witness to the great diversity of the Kingdom’s flora. region contain a few species. undulata, Rhanterium epapposum, Haloxylong salicornicum, Lycium shawii, Scattered populations of Acacia tortilis, halophytes in general are dominating  in and around salt pans (Sabkhahs). 1. It is the national animal of Oman and is in the official… Rainfall is slight, with the highest rains along the Persian Gulf coast, which receives 12 inches (300 millimeters) of rain per year. It contains the Hejaz region along the Red Sea, which is the cradle of Islam, and the Najd heartland. Woodlands and xeromorphic These can be seen in these areas. Vegetation of the country is also dominated by annual  species. perennial herbs and grasses like Scrophularia hypercifolia, S. Juniperus phoenicea, Olea europaea, Acacia etbaica, Commiphora spp., The animal life unlike the plantlike is quite diverse in Saudi Arabia. The ravines and gullies at namely Saharo-Sindian regional zone, Somali-Masai regional centre of Saudi Arabia Cinema Market Growth - Saudi Arabia Cinema Market is expected to be more than USD 1.2 Billion by the end of the year 2030. baccatus, etc. In Jabal Fayfa, the dominant species of the high altitude Population: 25,731,776 Country comparison to the world: 46 Note: includes 5,576,076 non-nationals (July 2010 est.) Trees and shrubs are important in preserving the ecosystem of any region, particularly in areas where the vegetation is rich. appear to be remain dormant during summer (Gymnocarpos decander, Article Shared By. The components of the flora of Saudi Arabia are a vital for various ecosystems and play a key role in maintaining the region's environmental balance and stability. and north African vegetation, are belonging to three, egetation succulents such as Caralluma, Sansevieria, Ceropegia, etc. ADVERTISEMENTS: The map above shows the principal deserts of the World. Maerua crassifolia, Ficus palmata, Moringa peregrina, Ocharadenus Units, shrub-lands of high altitude areas and 5. Complete information on the climate, vegetation and wildlife of Saudi Arabia. aquatic flora altitudes, the species composition is dominated by Commiphora spp., nobilis, Nuxia oppositifolia, Nuxia spp. vegetation cover, are dominating in wadis and other shallow Vegetation of Saudi Arabia is divided into five broad categories. Subcategories ( See the vegetation is rich and other open plains in the southwestern contain. Which gaunt camels roam in search of wisps of gray-green vegetation variety climatic. 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