… (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Animals.NET aim to promote interest in nature and animals among children, as well as raise their awareness in conservation and environmental protection. Of these 90, all occur in Africa bar 5 Asian and 2 Malagasy weavers. Because this group contains such an immense variety of species, the number of habitats that they utilize is nearly infinite. The main habitats where weavers are found are semi-arid areas, savanna, grasslands and forests. The Red-billed Buffalo Weaver (Bubalornis niger) is a species of bird in the Ploceidae family. Habitat of the Orb Weaver. The vast majority of Weaver species live in Africa, though a few species also live in Asia. Many species are small, stout, and finch-like, but each is different from the next. Not all of these are true weavers as we will discuss below. Some only inhabit a few types of ecosystems, while others live in a wide variety of habitats. [2][11] The nest appears like a large haystack in the tree. Foraging is predominantly on the ground, but also on bark and leaves of trees. Round balls hang from the branches, beige, green and brown in colour. Humans have not domesticated Weavers in any way. Some live on the dry savannas and grasslands of Africa. The continued existence of this species is threatened by habitat destruction. [13], Nests built in electricity poles sometimes cause short circuits in the rainy season and can catch fire in the dry season. White-browed sparrow-weavers (Plocepasser mahali) live together in small groups in trees in southern and eastern Africa. bird) a finchlike songbird (Ploceus and other genera, family Ploceidae) of tropical Africa and Asia, related to the sparrows. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. Sociable weaver nests are used commensally by several other bird species, most commonly the Pygmy Falcon. However, some species actually benefit from human interaction by utilizing manmade structures and areas for nesting and foraging. A diverse type of host plant preferred by ploceus phillipinus was observed. There are many species that zoos have never kept, or that scientists have even thoroughly researched in any way. Weaver, also called weaverbird, any of a number of small finchlike birds of the Old World, or any of several related birds that are noted for their nest-building techniques using grass stems and other plant fibres. Their name comes from the unique way that they build their nests. Usually found spread throughout the branches of certain trees, sociable weavers have also been known to take advantage of telegraph poles and other tall, man-made structures. Thick-billed weavers breed in reedy wetlands and can be found around forest edge outside the breeding season. [3] They may skip breeding during years when there is low rainfall and a substantial number (sometimes over half) of birds in the colony may never breed in a given season. As a group, Weavers build complex nests by weaving plant fibers together. Though each species is different, all of them are wild birds. The central chambers retain heat and are used for nighttime roosting. Some live on the dry savannas and grasslands of Africa. The trees generally used for nest-building are Acacia erioloba, Boscia albitrunca and Aloidendron dichotomum. [14], There is evidence that cooperation in nest-building is driven by kin selection. In the northern range, discrete breeding season between December to August has been noted. Learn more about a few different species, and what makes them unique, below. Trees with nests appear to host more skinks than trees without nests. ], perhaps due to increased availability of nesting structures such as electricity pylons and other man-made structures. These nest colonies are usually found on thorny trees or palm fronds and the nests are often built near water or hanging over water where predators cannot reach easily. Breeding behavior is also highly variable with these birds. It inhabits subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. It is found in Angola, Botswana, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. This might not be quite so impressive if they lived in a wider range, but these birds only live in Sub-Saharan Africa. Based on a 2017 DNA-analysis, Philetairus socius belongs to the group of sparrow weavers (subfamily Plocepasserinae) and is most related to the genus Pseudonigrita. [1], In the southern range of the weaver's habitat, breeding may occur any time of the year and is closely linked to rainfall. There are so many different species of Weavers, with a number of different behaviors, adaptations, and traits. At its peak, the populations stand at about 1.5 billion birds! Different Weaver species inhabit different types of ecosystems. [citation needed], Sociable weaver nests form a habitat that is occupied by animals of many different taxa. Unfortunately, locals call this bird the “feathered locust,” because a single flock can decimate an entire farm of crops. No, Weavers usually do not make good pets. Breeding. Social species sometimes reproduce in large colonies. [2], The species ranges across northwestern South Africa, southwest Botswana and extending northwards across Namibia. Weavers vary drastically in color, shape, and size, and within the family, researchers recognize over a hundred different species! All photos used are royalty-free, and credits are included in the Alt tag of each image. The ratio of their diet depends on the species. Sociable weaver inhabits Kalahari Desert and arid savannas covered with stiff grasses and broad-leaved trees. The entrances may be about 3 in (76 mm) wide and can be up to 10 in (250 mm) long. In his report it is mentioned that of the four species of weaver birds found in India, the Finn’s Weaver is the least known. Read on to learn about the Weaver. - 2BP1JE6 from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. The major threat to weaver species is habitat loss, since some of them have very restricted ranges. Flocks of these birds are found in grasslands, cultivated areas, scrub and secondary growth and they are best known for their hanging retort shaped nests woven from leaves. Some of the different habitats that these birds live in include grasslands, meadows, forests, rainforests, wetlands, swamps, mangroves, and riparian areas on the edges of streams, rivers, lakes, and ponds. Weaver birds range from about 4 ½ to about 10 inches long. For social species, living in flocks is entirely necessary. Luckily, … Others prefer living in dense rainforests high in the mountains. #119303090 - Village Weaver in its natural habitat in The Gambia. Its natural habitat is the dry savanna. There are 4 subspecies of sociable weavers that can be found in the South Africa, Botswana, and Namibia. Some only inhabit a few types of ecosystems, while others live in a wide variety of habitats. Namibia. [2] In addition, Trachylepis spilogaster (Kalahari Tree Skink) associate with the nests. As an adaptation to living in the dry Kalahari Desert, where standing water is scarce, the sociable weaver obtains all of its water from a diet of insects. [3] Large nesting colonies can be active across many generations, sometimes over a hundred years. Measuring around 14 cm (5.5 in) in length, the sociable weaver has a black chin, black barred flanks and a scalloped back. Wetlands provide important habitats to many bird species but are also under threat from human-caused degradation. The population has not been quantified but the birds are described as "common to abundant". Distribution and habitat The Cape weaver is endemic to South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland , occurring across much of the area excluding the Kalahari Desert from the Orange River in the Northern Cape south to the Cape of Good Hope then east to northern KwaZulu Natal and inland almost to Bloemfontein in the Orange Free State . Most are primarily herbivorous, and eat mostly seeds, but they also eat insects and invertebrates. Nests are built around large and sturdy structures like acacia trees or sometimes even telephone poles. The IOC world birdlist recognizes 90 species that bear the name “weaver” or “malimbe”. [1] but their range is centered within the Northern Cape Province of South Africa. Like most songbirds, Weavers are typically diurnal and active during the day. Social flocks usually forage together, sometimes in a large group and sometimes in smaller flocks. 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