The language is of Indo-Aryan origin of the Indo-European languages that are spoken by around 16 million Sinhalese people, which make up to 74% of the population in Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka accords official status to Sinhala and Tamil.The languages spoken on the island nation are deeply influenced by the various languages in India, Europe and Southeast Asia. Within that category, is part of the Indo-Aryan branch. Received 2 November 2015; Accepted 24 May, 2016 This paper explains how Sri Lanka’s Administrative Service has contributed to the use of the Official Language Policy (OLP) in Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka has two official languages - Sinhala and Tamil. Sinhala has two main varieties, written and spoken, and is a conspicuous example of the linguistic phenomenon known as diglossia. The name is a derivation from siṃha, the Sanskrit word for "lion". The variety used for formal purposes is closer to the written/literary variety, whereas the variety used for informal purposes is closer to the spoken variety. 2. The bill was the first step taken by the new government of S.W.R.D. The number of individual languages listed for Sri Lanka is 7. සිංහල චිත්‍රපට Sinhala films/ Sinhala movies/ Sri lankan movies/ Helawood movies. The complete script consists of about 60 letters, 18 for vowels and 42 for consonants. Permitted to use Tamil in northern and eastern provinces in Sri Lanka. Deshaya [In Sinhala] Dinamina [In Sinhala] Divaina; Divesa News; Eelanatham [In Tamil] E-Lankanews (Colombo) [In English] Endera [In Sinhala] Friday [In English] Irudina [In Sinhala] The Island; The Island LK [In Tamil] Janadhipathi (Kandy) [In English] Jasmine News [In English] This policy supports ‘Sinhala’ and ‘Tamil’ as official languages … View Exam Result. However, formal Sinhala is more similar to Pali and medieval Sinhala. The contrast among the regional variations used by Kandy, Kegalle and Galle people in relation to pronunciation[21], (Brother, Are you coming to sow tomorrow?). Then the Sinhala Language developed along independent lines. A national language is the language of a political, cultural, and social unit. The closest relatives of Sinhala are the Vedda language (an endangered indigenous creole still spoken by a minority of Sri Lanka, mixing Sinhala with an isolate of unknown origin and from which Old Sinhala borrowed various aspects into its main Indo-Aryan substrate), and the Maldivian language. Most inanimates mark the plural through disfixation. Sri Lanka's documented history spans 3,000 years, with evidence of prehistoric human settlements dating back at least 125,000 years. We book your hotels, activities, your chauffeur... Mai Globe Travels is a travel agency specialized in tailor-made tours in Asia. The main features marked on Sinhala nouns are case, number, definiteness and animacy. [9] However, only 57 (16 vowels and 41 consonants) are required for writing colloquial spoken Sinhala (suddha Sinhala). During the career of Christopher Reynolds (1922–2015) as a Sinhalese lecturer at the SOAS, University of London, he extensively researched the Sinhalese language and its pre-1815 literature: the Sri Lankan government awarded him the Sri Lanka Ranjana medal for this. The writing system for Sinhala is an abugida, where the consonants are written with letters while the vowels are indicated with diacritics (pilla) on those consonants, unlike English where both consonants and vowels are full letters, or Urdu where vowels need not be written at all. Sinhala & Tamil as official languages. Veddah is closely related to Sinhala and both languages have a number of words borrowed from each other. As a result of centuries of colonial rule, interaction, settlement, intermarriage and assimilation, modern Sinhala contains many Portuguese, Dutch and English loanwords. Independence from British. English becomes the official language of Sri Lanka. Sinhala also has a number of words borrowed from Tamil. The official language of Sri Lanka is Sinhala. Sinhalese language, also spelled Singhalese or Cingalese, also called Sinhala, Indo-Aryan language, one of the two official languages of Sri Lanka.It was taken there by colonists from northern India about the 5th century bc.Because of its isolation from the other Indo-Aryan tongues of mainland India, Sinhalese developed along independent lines. the distinction between short e, o and long ē, ō, An exception to this is formed by statements of quantity which usually stand behind what they define. On 22 May 1972, Sri Lanka became a free, sovereign, and independent republic within the British … The Sinhalese population is around 16 million as it is a second language in Sri Lanka … Youth Insurrection . For example, tam̆ba 'copper' contrasts with tamba 'boil'. Your trusted Airline, Sri Lanka. Here the particular word ‘boya’ means ‘a little’ in the Southern region and at the end of most of nouns, 'boya' is added regularly. Sri Lanka Consolidated Acts [Database Search] [Name Search] Official Language Act (No. [17] There are also high frequency words denoting body parts in Sinhala, such as olluva for head, kakula for leg, bella for neck and kalava for thighs, that are derived from pre-Sinhalese languages of Sri Lanka. Also, when a diacritic is not used, an "inherent vowel", either /a/ or /ə/, is understood, depending on the position of the consonant within the word. In writing, /a/ and /ə/ are both spelt without a vowel sign attached to the consonant letter, so the patterns of stress in the language must be used to determine the correct pronunciation. Free Education Policy. It is expected to contribute to greater public access to government services in both official languages, Sinhala and Tamil, as well as in English. Most Sinhala syllables are of the form CV. Some of the differences can be explained by the substrate influence of the parent stock of the Vedda language. In the plural, (in)definiteness does not receive special marking. The Official Language of Sri Lanka shall be Sinhala. It is the Sinhalese people's native language, who total approximately 16 million. Also popular as Sinhalese, Sinhala is an official language of Sri Lanka. /f~ɸ/ and /ʃ/ are restricted to loans, typically English or Sanskrit. oba thuma (ඔබ තුමා) - you (vocative, when addressing a minister, high-ranking official, or generally showing respect in public etc. COLOMBO, Dec. 2 (Xinhua) -- CHEC Port City Colombo has launched online translations of its first Social Responsibility report in Sri Lanka's official languages of Sinhala and Tamil. In the 5th century BC. Booking terms and conditions. It is very important to use Sinhala if you are traveling or conducting business in Sri Lanka. Screenshot of the Facebook post published on December 7, 2020 Sri Lanka has two official languages - Sinhala and Tamil. 1966. Sinhala (/ˈsɪnhələ, ˈsɪŋələ/ SIN-hə-lə, SING-ə-lə;[3] සිංහල, siṁhala, [ˈsiŋɦələ]),[4] also known as Sinhalese, is an Indo-Aryan language primarily spoken by the Sinhalese people of Sri Lanka, who make up the largest ethnic group on the island, numbering about 16 million. /a/ and /ə/ are allophones in Sinhala and contrast with each other in stressed and unstressed syllables respectively. Sinhala de jure as an official language. Also, the Rodiya community that lives in the Hill Country speaks a language of their own, sometimes considered a dialect of Sinhala. Uva regional variation in relation to grammar, People from Uva province also have a unique linguistic variation in relation to the pronunciation of words. Loanwords from English mark the singular with ekə, and do not mark the plural. [Google Scholar], p. 105). The language is of Indo-Aryan origin of the Indo-European languages that are spoken by around 16 million Sinhalese people, which make up to 74% of the population in Sri Lanka. Tamil is a Dravidian language spoken in northern and eastern Sri Lanka and in southern India. Strengthen the hegemonic power of national languages. English is a link language, but in practice, English is heavily used due to colonial legacy and because many Sinhalese don't know Tamil and vice-versa. 1. An additional 4 million speak Sinhalese as a second language. Sinhala is also spoken, as a second language by other ethnic groups in Sri Lanka, totalling about 3 million. Sinhala is spoken by about 19 million people in Sri Lanka, about 16 million of them are native speakers. Sinhala becomes the official language of Sri Lanka. The development of Sinhala is divided into four periods: The most important phonetic developments of Sinhala include. Long /əː/ is restricted to English loans. [10][11], Sinhala (Siṃhala) is a Sanskrit term; the corresponding Middle Indo-Aryan (Eḷu) word is Sīhala. [1], The oldest Sinhalese Prakrit inscriptions found are from the third to second century BCE following the arrival of Buddhism in Sri Lanka,[8][9] while the oldest extant literary works date from the ninth century. oya                                  oya+, Different regional variations of Sinhala language. [16] Sinhala has many words that are only found in Sinhala, or shared between Sinhala and Vedda and not etymologically derivable from Middle or Old Indo-Aryan. This is true for subject—as in Italian, for instance—but also objects and other parts of the sentence can be "dropped" in Sinhala if they can be inferred. 21,898,000 Population rank (2019) 59 Population projection 2030 22,089,000 Total area (sq mi) 25,332 Total area (sq km) 65,610 Density: persons per sq mi (2018) 856.2 Sinhalese is widely spoken in the western, southern, and central parts of the island. The up-country variation (Kandy, Matale). They are commonly replaced by /p/ and /s/ respectively in colloquial speech. The Sinhalese people have their identity attached to literature, historical heritage and region and are primarily Theravada Buddhists. The "r" diacritic is the curved line under the first letter ("ශ": "ශ්‍ර"). The literary language and the spoken language differ from each other in many aspects. Tamil has existed as a spoken language in Sri Lanka for centuries brought by ancient settlers, tradesmen, invaders, foreign kings and immigrants. It was known as Ceylon before 1972, and Serendib and Sinhale, among other names, before that. Sinhala is the native language of the Sinhalese people, who constitute approximately 70 percent of Sri Lanka’s population, which equals approximately 13 million people. The indigenous languages of the country s majority and minority populations, Sinhala and Tamil respectively, were reintroduced as official languages, but after the country s independence, these policies altered further, most notably with the 1956 Language Act that established Sinhala Only as the nation s official language. There are also a few diacritics for consonants, such as /r/ in special circumstances, although the tendency nowadays is to spell words with the full letter ර /r/, plus either a preceding or following hal kirima. But Galle people's regional variation is not visible in relation to this particular verb; ‘wapuranawa’ (to sow). The alphabetic sequence is similar to those of other Brahmic scripts: Sinhala has so-called prenasalized consonants, or 'half nasal' consonants. English has given the ‘link language’ position. Several languages are spoken in Sri Lanka within the Indo-Aryan, Dravidian and Austronesian families. Sinhala (official and national language) 87%, Tamil (official and national language) 28.5%, English 23.8% (2012 est.) The grammar lists naramba (to see) and kolamba (fort or harbour) as belonging to an indigenous source. Other than Sinhala and Tamil, many minority languages exist spoken by small communities of people. No Url Found Download Tamil. Official languages Sinhala; Tamil 1 Official religion none 2 Monetary unit Sri Lankan rupee (LKR) Currency Exchange Rate 1 USD equals 182.963 Sri Lankan rupee Population (2019 est.) Sinhala Only Bill, (1956), act passed by the government of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) making Sinhalese the official language of the country. There are several cases of vocabulary doublets, e.g. Tamil language special provision. It has a rich cultural heritage, and the first known Buddhist writings of Sri Lanka, the Pāli Canon, date back to the Fourth Buddhist council in 29 BCE. Tamil is Sri Lanka’s second official language, spoken by about five million people on the island, which is about 15 percent of the population. For simple /k/ without a vowel, a vowel-cancelling diacritic (virama) called හල් කිරීම /hal kiriːmə/ is used: ක් /k/. It is one of the constitutionally-recognised official languages of Sri Lanka, with Tamil. 1945. English Choose your country/region and language Toggle navigation. 1992. The rest indicate sounds that have been merged in the course of linguistic change, such as the aspirates, and are restricted to Sanskrit and Pali loan words. Sri lanka national language සිංහල කතාකරමු learn sinhala சிங்களம் கற்போம் - Duration: 12:05. Sinhala is official language of Sri Lanka. All the languages spoken in the country have been influenced a lot by the languages of neighboring countries such as Malaysia, the Maldives, and India. [6] Sinhala is written using the Sinhala script, which is one of the Brahmic scripts, a descendant of the ancient Indian Brahmi script closely related to the Kadamba script. Apart from the two official languages there are indo-Portuguese, English, Arabic, Sri Lankan Creole, Veddah and sign languages. 1948. Sinhala is spoken by about 19 million people in Sri Lanka, about 16 million of them are native speakers. On 22 May 1972, Sri Lanka became a free, sovereign, and independent republic within the British … Of these, 5 are indigenous and 2 are non-indigenous. Sinhala distinguishes several cases. Official site. After achieving independence in 1948 both Sinhala and Tamil were official languages until a ‘Sinhala Only’ Act came about in 1956, taking away the official language status of Tamil. Lanka. English serves as a “link language”, according to this page on the Sri Lankan government’s website.. A similar claim was made on Facebook here, here, here, here, here and here.. I was prompted to do this study on the operation of the Official Language Policy in Sri Lanka on my own experience that I gathered from my communications with some public officials in the Eastern Province. The Sri Lankan Moors speak a form of Tamil heavily influenced by Arabic. Following the passage of the 16th Amendment in 1988, Tamil speakers living anywhere in Sri Lanka have the right, inter alia, of communicating with any government office or officer in their own language and of receiving communications too in that language. Only Sinhala and Tamil are official languages. No Url Found Download Sinhala. On the right hand side, it is the other way round, with the exception of paːrə "street". The wording of the constitution, however, is problematic. Sinhala also has diverse slang. Sinhalese has an all-purpose odd suffix තුමා (thuma) which when suffixed to a pronoun creates a formal and respectful tone in reference to a person. [21], (well)                          = lindhan (wells), Ø                                     ǝ, (stream)                          (streams), ǝ                                   +  wal, 2. The indefinite article exists only in the singular, where its absence marks definiteness. A national language is the language of a political, cultural, and social unit. The country has, however, given official status to Tamil and Sinhalese languages. However, nowadays Sinhala slang words and terms, even the ones with sexual references, are commonly used among younger Sri Lankans. The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (ශ්‍රී ලංකා in Sinhala, இலங்கை in Tamil) is a tropical island nation off the southeast coast of the Indian subcontinent.The capital of the country is Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte while the largest city is Colombo.. Sinhala translation services, please contact us today a short homorganic nasal occurs a... 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